Skip links

Facts for Kids About the 10 Provinces of Canada


The 10 provinces and 3 territories of Canada combine to make up the world’s second largest country by area. The ten provinces are AlbertaBritish ColumbiaManitobaNew BrunswickNewfoundland and LabradorNova Scotia, OntarioPrince Edward Island, Quebec, and Saskatchewan. Below you will find the 10 provinces their abbreviation, capital city, largest city, when they entered into the confederation, their population, total area, official language, and how many seats they have in the House of Commons and the Senate.

Ontario

Ontario is a Province of Canada located in the east-central part of Canada, the largest by population and second largest, after Quebec, in total area. The province’s largest metropolitan area and Canada’s most populous city, Toronto, is the capital city of Ontario. The national capital of Canada, Ottawa, is located in Ontario as well.

Quick Facts
Abbreviation: Ont.
Capital: Toronto
Largest City: Toronto
Entered the Confederation: July 1, 1867
Total area (Km Squared): 1,076,395
Official Language: English
House of Commons Seats: 107
Senate Seats: 24

Quebec

Quebec is a province in east-central Canada. It is the only Canadian province with a predominantly French-speaking population and the only one whose sole official language is French at the provincial level. It is bordered to the west by the province of Ontario, James Bay and Hudson Bay, to the north by Hudson Strait and Ungava Bay, to the east by the Gulf of Saint Lawrence and the provinces of Newfoundland and Labrador and New Brunswick. It is bordered on the south by the U.S. states of MaineNew HampshireVermont, and New York.

Quick Facts
Abbreviation: Que.
Capital: Quebec City
Biggest City: Montreal
Entered the Confederation: July 1, 1867
Total area (Km Squared): 1,542,056
Official Language: French
House of Commons Seats: 75
Senate Seats: 24

Nova Scotia

Nova Scotia is a Canadian province located on Canada’s southeastern coast. It is the most populous province in Atlantic Canada. Its capital, Halifax, is the major economic center of the region. Nova Scotia is the second-smallest province in Canada with an area of 21,300 sq mi. Its population of 940,397 as of 2009 makes it the fourth-least-populous province of the country, though second-most-densely populated.

Quick Facts
Abbreviation: N.S.
Capital: Halifax
Biggest City: Halifax
Entered the Confederation: July 1, 1867
Total area (Km Squared): 55,284
Official Language: English
House of Commons Seats: 11
Senate Seats: 10

New Brunswick

New Brunswick is one of Canada’s three Maritime provinces and is the only constitutionally bilingual province in the federation. The province’s name comes from the English and French partial transcription of the city of Braunschweig in northern Germany, the ancestral home of the Hanoverian King George III of the United Kingdom.

Quick Facts
Abbreviation: N.B.
Capital: Fredericton
Biggest City: Saint John
Entered the Confederation: July 1, 1867
Total area (Km Squared): 72,908
Official Language: English
House of Commons Seats: 10
Senate Seats: 10

Manitoba

Manitoba is a Canadian prairie province with over 110,000 lakes and has a largely continental climate because of its flat topography. Agriculture, mostly concentrated in the fertile southern and western parts of the province, is vital to the province’s economy; other major industries are transportation, manufacturing, mining, forestry, energy, and tourism.

Quick Facts
Abbreviation: Man.
Capital: Winnipeg
Biggest City: Winnipeg
Entered the Confederation: July 15, 1870
Total area (Km Squared): 647,797
Official Language: English
House of Commons Seats: 14
Senate Seats: 6

British Columbia

British Columbia is the westernmost of Canada’s provinces and is known for its natural beauty, as reflected in its Latin motto, Splendor sine occasu. In 1871, it became the sixth province of Canada.

Quick Facts
Abbreviation: B.C.
Capital: Victoria
Biggest City: Vancouver
Entered the Confederation: July 20, 1871
Total area (Km Squared): 944,735
Official Language: English
House of Commons Seats: 36
Senate Seats: 6

Prince Edward Island

Prince Edward Island is a Canadian province consisting of an island of the same name, as well as other islands. The island has a few other names: “Garden of the Gulf” referring to the pastoral scenery and lush agricultural lands throughout the province; and “Birthplace of Confederation”, referring to the Charlottetown Conference in 1864, although PEI did not join the confederation itself until 1873 when it became the seventh Canadian province.

Quick Facts
Abbreviation: P.E.I.
Capital: Charlottetown
Biggest City: Charlottetown
Entered the Confederation: July 1, 1873
Total area (Km Squared): 5,660
Official Language: English
House of Commons Seats: 4
Senate Seats: 4

Saskatchewan

Saskatchewan is a prairie province in Canada, which has an area of 227,100 sq mi. and a 2010 estimated population of 1,041,700. This population mostly lives in the southern half of the province. Of these, 257,300 live in the province’s largest city, Saskatoon, while 194,971 live in the provincial capital, Regina.

Quick Facts
Abbreviation: Sask.
Capital: Regina
Biggest City: Saskatoon
Entered the Confederation: September 1, 1905
Total area (Km Squared): 651,036
Official Language: English
House of Commons Seats: 14
Senate Seats: 6

Alberta

Alberta is the most populous of Canada’s three prairie provinces. It covers about the same land area as France or the state of Texas. It became a province on September 1, 1905, on the same day as Saskatchewan. It is economically important primarily because of its vast oil reserves, and its large tertiary and quaternary economic sector.

Quick Facts
Abbreviation: Alta.
Capital: Edmonton
Biggest City: Calgary
Entered the Confederation: September 1, 1905
Total area (Km Squared): 661,848
Official Language: English
House of Commons Seats: 28
Senate Seats: 6

Newfoundland and Labrador

Newfoundland and Labrador is a province of Canada on the country’s Atlantic coast in northeastern North America. This easternmost Canadian province comprises two main parts: the island of Newfoundland off the country’s eastern coast, and Labrador on the mainland to the northwest of the island.

Quick Facts
Abbreviation: Nfld., Lab.
Capital: St. John’s
Biggest City: St. John’s
Entered the Confederation: March 31, 1949
Total area (Km Squared): 405,212
Official Language: English
House of Commons Seats: 7
Senate Seats: 6