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Facts about Sacramento, California for Kids


Sacramento is the capital of California and the county seat of Sacramento County. It is located at the confluence of the Sacramento River and the American River in the northern portion of California’s expansive Central Valley. Its metropolitan area is the fourth largest in California after the Greater Los Angeles Area, San Francisco Bay Area, and the San Diego metropolitan area as well as the 22nd largest in the United States.

  • Sacramento was cited by Time magazine as America’s most ethnically and racially integrated city in 2002.
  • Sacramento became a city through the efforts of the Swiss immigrant John Sutter, Sr., his son John Sutter, Jr., and James W. Marshall.
  • University of the Pacific’s McGeorge School of Law, is located in historic Oak Park.
  • The part of Sacramento originally laid out by William Warner is situated just east and south of where the American River meets the Sacramento River (though over time it has grown to extend significantly north, south, and east of there).
  • The legislative chambers were first occupied in 1869 while construction continued.
  • From 1862–1868, part of the Leland Stanford Mansion was used for the governor’s offices during Stanford’s tenure as the Governor; and the legislature met in the Sacramento County Courthouse.
  • In 2002, Time magazine featured an article recognizing Sacramento as the most diverse and integrated city in America.
  • As a result, the greater metropolitan area sprawls only four miles (6 km) west of downtown (as West Sacramento, California) but 30 miles northeast and east, into the Sierra Nevada foothills, and 10 miles (16 km) to the south into valley farmland.
  • The city is located at the confluence of the Sacramento River and the American River, and has a deep-water port connected to the San Francisco Bay by a channel through the Sacramento River Delta.
  • The population density was 4,660.0 people per square mile.
  • The Census reported that 458,174 people lived in households, 4,268 lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 4,046 were institutionalized.
  • Many students, about 400 out of 517, at the UC Davis GSM are working professionals and are completing their MBA part-time.
  • The only exception is the Valley Hi/North Laguna area that is served by the Elk Grove Unified School District.
  • Interstate 5 (I-5) runs though Sacramento, heads north up to Redding, and then heads south near the western edge of the California Central Valley towards Los Angeles.