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Facts about Slovakia For Kids


  • Slovakia is a country in Central Europe.
  • Slovakia’s territory spans about 19,000 sq mi and is mostly mountainous.
  • The capital and largest city is Bratislava.
  • The official language is Slovak, a member of the Slavic language family.
  • The Slavs arrived in the territory of present-day Slovakia in the 5th and 6th centuries.
  • In the 7th century, they played a significant role in the creation of Samo’s Empire and in the 9th century established the Principality of Nitra.
  • In the 10th century, the territory was integrated into the Kingdom of Hungary, which itself became part of the Habsburg Empire and the Austro-Hungarian Empire.
  • After World War I and the dissolution of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, the Slovaks and Czechs established Czechoslovakia.
  • Slovakia is a high-income advanced economy with one of the fastest growth rates in the European Union and the OECD.
  • The country joined the European Union in 2004 and the Eurozone on 1 January 2009.
  • Slovakia is also a member of the Schengen Area, NATO, the United Nations, the OECD and the WTO.
  • These findings provide the most ancient evidence of commercial exchanges carried out between the Mediterranean and Central Europe.
  • La Tène Period[edit] From around 500 BC, the territory of modern-day Slovakia was settled by Celts, who built powerful oppida on the sites of modern-day Bratislava and Devin.
  • A Slavic state known as the Principality of Nitra arose in the 8th century and its ruler Pribina had the first known Christian church of Slovakia consecrated by 828.
  • Some historians put this year as the date of the breakup of the Great Moravian Empire, due to the Hungarian conquest; other historians take the date a little bit earlier (to 902).
  • The government of the First Slovak Republic, led by Jozef Tiso and Vojtech Tuka, was strongly influenced by Germany and gradually became a puppet regime in many respects.
  • The Slovak head of state is the president, elected by direct popular vote for a five-year term.
  • Ice Hockey One of the most popular collective sports in Slovakia is ice hockey.