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Facts and List of Countries in South America


South America is the third largest continent globally, but with the most countries that share it. It starts its south pole in Ecuador and ends at 142 degrees west longitude. It covers about 30% of Earth‘s surface area or 7 million square miles, including Central America, North America, and Caribbean islands. Its borders are mostly shared with other regions surrounding it. The continent has 54 independent nations ruled by 21 different governments, spread out across the entire region comprising around 8 million people. Many people put South America together with Africa as part of the same continent, but that is actually incorrect. The three biggest oceans separate them, called the Atlantic, Pacific, and Southern Ocean.

South America includes huge rivers running through it all year round. The continent also has approximately 1,000 miles of coastline along its shoreline facing the Atlantic Ocean. It covers 8.4 million square kilometers, which makes up about 12% of the world’s total land area. It has 200,000 islands, including two of the most famous ones, Easter Island and the Galapagos Islands. South America’s greatest landmark is Mount Aconcagua, which is 6,959 meters and is located in Argentina.

There is a huge variety of climates and cultural diversity among all the countries that make up South America. For example, over 300 ethnic groups in Brazil alone, with Portuguese being the official language. However, since this region comprises independent nations, each one tends to stick to its own culture and beliefs instead of following the others’ way of life.

Most parts of South America are affluent in plant life. For example, the Amazon rainforest is one of the biggest and most famous forests globally, with over 3 million square miles. It covers five countries, Brazil, Peru, Colombia, Venezuela, and Ecuador. It is also home to several endangered species such as jaguars and giant river otters.

South America is home to some of the most diverse wildlife in the world. There are more than 2,000 species of birds, including many endangered ones such as macaws and toucans. There are also about 700 different species of mammals living within this region, and even more than that for reptiles and amphibians.

List of Countries in South America