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Stamp Act Facts For Kids

A stamp act is any legislation that requires a tax to be paid on the transfer of certain documents. Those that pay the tax receive an official stamp on their documents, making them legal documents. The items often have to be physically stamped at approved government offices following payment of the duty, although methods involving annual payment of a fixed sum or purchase of adhesive stamps are more practical and common.

  • After England was victorious over France in the Seven Years’ War, a small Stamp Act was enacted that covered of all sorts of paperwork from newspapers to legal documents and even playing cards.
  • The British were taxing the colonial population to raise revenue, but the Americans claimed their constitutional rights were violated, since only their own colonial legislatures could levy taxes.
  • Across the American colonies, opposition to the tax took the form of violence and intimidation.
  • Otis, the radical leader in Massachusetts, convinced the Massachusettsassembly to send a circular letter to the other colonies, which called for an intercolonial meeting to plan tempered resistance to new tax.
  • The Stamp Act Congress convened in New York City on October 7 with nine colonies in attendance; others would likely have participated if earlier notice had been provided.
  • The statement echoed the recent resolves of the Virginia House of Burgesses, which argued that colonial taxation could only be carried on by their own assemblies.
  • The delegates singled out the Stamp Act and the use of the vice admiralty courts for special criticism, yet ended their statement with a pledge of loyalty to the king.
  • 1694 Stamp Act A Stamp Duty was first introduced in England in 1694 following the Dutch model as An act for granting to Their Majesties several duties on Vellum, Parchment and Paper for 10 years, towards carrying on the war against France.
  • The Stamp Act of 1765 was a direct tax imposed by the British Parliament on the colonies of British America.
  • The colonies sent no representatives to Parliament, and therefore had no influence over what taxes were raised, how they were levied, or how they would be spent.
  • Local protest groups, led by colonial merchants and landowners, established connections through correspondence that created a loose coalition that extended from New England to Georgia.
  • Protests and demonstrations initiated by the Sons of Liberty often turned violent and destructive as the masses became involved. Some opponents of the Stamp Act distinguished between “internal” taxes like the stamp duty, which they claimed Parliament had no right to impose, and revenue legitimately raised through the regulation on trade.
  • 1891 Stamp Act and Stamp Duties Management Act All the above Acts were superseded by the Stamp Duties Management Act 1891 and the Stamp Act 1891, which still constitute the bulk of UK law on stamp duties today.
  • The modern UK Stamp Act In 1914 The Director of Stamping at the Stamp Office oversaw the production of the first Treasury Notes. Its purpose was to help finance the operations of the empire, including the cost of stationing British troops in North America, without seeking revenue from the colonial assemblies.”