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Facts about The Bronx for Kids

Located north of Manhattan and Queens, and south of Westchester County, the Bronx is the only borough that is located primarily on the mainland. The borough has a land area of 42 square miles (109 km), making it the fourth-largest in land area of the five boroughs, the fourth most populated, and the third-highest in density of population.

  • The West Bronx was annexed to New York City in 1874, and the areas east of the Bronx River were annexed in 1895.
  • Bronx County, with the same boundaries as the borough, was separated from New York County as of January 1, 1914.
  • Although the Bronx is the third-most-densely-populated county in the U.S., about a quarter of its area is open space, including Woodlawn Cemetery, Van Cortlandt Park, Pelham Bay Park, the New York Botanical Garden and the Bronx Zoo in the borough’s north and center, on land deliberately reserved in the late 19th century as urban development progressed northwards and eastwards from Manhattan with the building of roads, bridges and railways.
  • The Bronx contains one of the five poorest Congressional Districts in the U.S., the 16th, but its wide variety of neighborhoods also includes the affluent and middle to upper class Riverdale, Schuylerville and Country Club.
  • Indeed, out of 289 census tracts in the Bronx borough, seven different tracts lost more than 97% of their buildings to fire and abandonment between 1970 and 1980; while another 44 different tracts had more than 50% of their buildings meet the same fate.
  • By 2000, the Bronx had a population of about 1.2 million, and its bridges, highways, and railroads were more heavily traveled than those of any other part of the United States.
  • They include the theory that Robert Moses’ Cross-Bronx Expressway destroyed existing residential neighborhoods.
  • The Bronx also includes several small islands in the East River and Long Island Sound, such as City Island and Hart Island.
  • The Bronx’s highest elevation 280 feet (85 m), is in the northwest corner, west of Van Cortlandt Park and in the Chapel Farm area near the Riverdale Country School.
  • Further up the coastline, Rodman’s Neck lies between Pelham Bay Park in the northeast and City Island.
  • Some of the acquired land was set aside for the Grand Concourse and Pelham Parkway, the first of a series of boulevards and parkways.
  • In 2006, Manny Fernandez of The New York Times wrote, “According to a Department of City Planning map of the city’s neighborhoods, the Bronx has 49.
  • City Island and Hart IslandCity Island is located east of Pelham Bay Park in Long Island Sound, and is known for its seafood restaurants and waterfront private homes.
  • The South Bronx is home to the Bronx County Courthouse, Borough Hall, and other government buildings, as well as Yankee Stadium.
  • The office of Borough President was created in the consolidation of 1898 with powers mostly derived from having a vote on the New York CityBoard of Estimate.
  • In 2009, the Bronx voted slightly more strongly against the successful re-election of Mayor Bloomberg, who received 37% of the Bronx vote against 61.2% for New York City Comptroller Bill Thompson.
  • Educational attainment: In 2000, according to the U.S. Census, out of the nearly 800,000 people in the Bronx who were then at least 25 years old, 62.3% had graduated from high school and 14.6% held a bachelor’s or higher college degree.