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Facts about The Caribbean for Kids


Comprised of approximately 7000 islands and the nations of Central and South America that border the Caribbean Sea, the Caribbean is a region of rich history.

 

  • The Caribbean is a region consisting of the Caribbean Sea, its islands, and the surrounding coasts.
  • The region is located southeast of the Gulf of Mexico and North America, east of Central America, and to the north of South America.
  • Situated largely on the Caribbean Plate, the region comprises more than 7,000 islands, islets, reefs, and cays.
  • These islands generally form island arcs that delineate the eastern and northern edges of the Caribbean Sea.
  • The Caribbean islands are part of the somewhat larger West Indies grouping, which consists of the Greater Antilles on the north, the Lesser Antilleson the south and east, as well as the Bahamas and the Turks and Caicos Islands (the Lucayan Archipelago, which does not border the Caribbean Sea).
  • Geopolitically, the Caribbean islands are usually regarded as a subregion of North America and are organized into 30 territories including sovereign states, overseas departments, and dependencies.
  • The region takes its name from that of the Carib, an ethnic group present in the Lesser Antilles and parts of adjacent South America at the time of European contact.
  • Physiographically, the Caribbean region is mainly a chain of islands surrounding the Caribbean Sea.
  • For example the block known as the Caribbean Community (CARICOM) contains both the Co-operative Republic of Guyana and the Republic of Suriname found in South America, along with Belize in Central America as full members.
  • These islands include Aruba (possessing only minor volcanic features), Barbados, Bonaire, the Cayman Islands, Saint Croix, The Bahamas and Antigua.
  • Others possess rugged towering mountain-ranges like the islands of Cuba, Hispaniola, Puerto RicoJamaica, Dominica, Montserrat, Saba, Saint Kitts, Saint Lucia, Saint Thomas, Saint John, Tortola, Grenada, Saint Vincent, Guadeloupe, Martinique, and Trinidad & Tobago.
  • The Puerto Rico trench, located on the fringe of the Atlantic Ocean and Caribbean Sea just to the north of the island of Puerto Rico, is the deepest point in all of the Atlantic Ocean.
  • From a political economic perspective, regionalism serves to make Caribbean states active participants in current international affairs through collective coalitions.

List of Countries in the Caribbean

  • Antigua and Barbuda
  • Aruba
  • Bahamas
  • Barbados
  • Cayman Islands
  • Cuba
  • Dominica
  • Dominican Republic
  • Grenada
  • Guadeloupe
  • Haiti
  • Jamaica
  • Martinique
  • Puerto Rico
  • Saint Barthelemy
  • St. Kitts and Nevis
  • St. Lucia
  • St. Vincent and the Grenadines
  • Trinidad and Tobago
  • Turks and Caicos Islands
  • Virgin Islands