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Facts about The Full Moon For Kids

  • A full moon is the lunar phase that occurs when the Moon is completely illuminated as seen from the Earth. This occurs when the moon is in opposition to the Sun.
  • Lunar eclipses can occur only at full moon, where the Moon’s orbit allows it to pass through the Earth’s shadow.
  • Lunar eclipses do not occur every month because the Moon usually passes above or below the Earth’s shadow.
  • Lunar eclipses can occur only when the full moon occurs near the two nodes of the orbit, either the ascending or descending node.
  • The age and apparent size of the full moon vary in a cycle of just under 14 synodic months, which has been referred to as a full moon cycle.
  • Since the introduction of the solar Julian calendar in the Roman Empire, and later the Gregorian calendar worldwide, month names have ceased to be perceived as “moon names”.
  • Some full moons have developed new names in modern times, e.g., the blue moon, and the names “harvest moon” and “hunter’s moon” for the full moons of autumn.
  • In 2010, the Harvest moon occurred on the night of equinox itself (some 5⁄2 hours after the point of equinox) for the first time since 1991.
  • The Maine Farmers’ Almanac from c. the 1930s began to publish Native American “Indian” full moon names.
  • An early list of “Indian month names” was published in 1918 by Daniel Carter Beard in his The American Boy’s Book of Signs, Signals and Symbols for use by the boy scouts.
  • Many of the Hindu festivals are celebrated on days with full moon night.
  • In the modern system of “traditional” full moon names tied to the solstice and equinox points, a supernumerary full moon in such a period is called a blue moon.