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The Great Lakes: Lake Michigan, Huron, Erie, Superior, and Ontario


The Great Lakes are a collection of 5 freshwater lakes located in North America, on the Canada/United States border. The 5 lakes are Lake Superior, Lake Michigan, Lake Huron, Lake Erie, and Lake Ontario. They form the largest group of freshwater lakes on Earth by total surface and volume.

What fish are in the Great Lakes? If you’re going to go fishing in the great lakes you can expect to catch fish such as Alewife, Atlantic Salmon, Bloater, Bowfin, Brook Trout, Brown Trout, Burbot, Carp, Chinook Salmon, Coho Salmon, Freshwater Drum, Lake Herring, Lake Sturgeon, Lake Trout, Lake Whitefish, Longnose Sucker, Muskellunge, Northern Pike, Pink Salmon, Pumpkinseed, Rainbow Smelt, Rainbow Trout, Rock Bass, Round Goby, Round Whitefish, Ruffe, Sea Lamprey, Smallmouth Bass, Walleye, White Bass, White Perch, White Sucker, and Yellow Perch.

Lake Superior

Lake Superior is the largest of the Great Lakes. It is bordered to the north by the Canadian province of Ontario and the state of Minnesota, and to the south by Wisconsin and Michigan.

Fun Facts about Lake Superior
1. How deep is Lake Superior: It has an average depth of 482 ft

2. What is the temperature range of Lake Superior: The average annual water temperature of Lake Superior is 40º F.

3. Does Lake Superior freeze over in winter: It only very rarely freezes over completely, and then usually just for hours. The last complete freezing of Lake Superior occurred in 1979.

4. How many miles around Lake Superior: 2,725 mi

5. How much water is in Lake Superior: 2,900 cu mi. There is enough water in Lake Superior 3,000,000,000,000,000 or 3 quadrillion gallons to flood all of North and South America to a depth of one foot.

6. What is the deepest point in Lake Superior: The deepest point in Lake Superior is 1,300 feet below the surface.

7. How big is Lake Superior: 31,820 sq mi

8. Where is Lake Superior: North America

Lake Michigan

Lake Michigan is one of the five Great Lakes and the only one located entirely within the United States. Geologically, it is a large bay of Lake Michigan-Huron. By itself, it is the second largest of the Great Lakes by volume and the third largest by surface area, behind Lake Superior and Lake Huron.

Fun Facts about Lake Michigan

1. How deep is Lake Michigan: Average depth of 279 ft

2. Does Lake Michigan freeze over in winter: Not completely. Because of its size only areas close to shore will freeze over.

3. How many miles around Lake Michigan: 3,825 mi

4. How many islands are on Lake Michigan:
Beaver Island, Garden Island, Grape Island, Gull Island, Hat Island, High Island, Hog Island, Horseshoe Island, Little Island, Pismire Island, Shoe Island, Squaw Island, Trout Island, Whiskey Island, North Fox Island and South Fox Island, North Manitou Island, South Manitou Island,Bassett Island, Bellow Island, Marion Island, Gravelly Island, Gull Island, Little Gull Island, Little Summer Island, Poverty Island, Rocky Island, St. Martin Island, Summer Island, Round Island, Saint Vital Island, Snake Island, Butlers Island and Sand Island, Temperance Island, Waugoshance Island, Epoufette Island, Gravel Island, Little Hog Island, and Naubinway Island, Green Island, St. Helena Island, Detroit Island, Hog Island, Pilot Island, Plum Island, Rock Island, Washington Island, and Northerly Island. Other islands include Fisherman Island in Charlevoix County, Michigan and Ile aux Galets in Emmet County, Michigan.

5. How much water is in Lake Michigan: 1,180 cu mi

6. What is the deepest point in Lake Michigan: 923 ft

7. How big is Lake Michigan: 22,400 sq mi

8. Where is Lake Michigan: North America

Lake Huron

Lake Huron is one of the five Great Lakes. Geologically, it comprises the larger portion of Lake Michigan-Huron. Its eastern shore is the Canadian province of Ontario and its western shore is Michigan. Where did Lake Huron get its name? The name of the lake is derived from early French explorers who named it based on the Huron people inhabiting the region.

Fun Facts about Lake Huron

1. How deep is Lake Huron: Average depth of 194 Feet

2. How many miles around is Lake Huron: 3,825 mi

3. How much water is in Lake Huron: 849 cu mi

4. What is the deepest point in Lake Huron: 750 Feet

5. How big is Lake Huron: 23,010 sq mi

6. Where is Lake Huron: North America

Lake Erie

Lake Erie is the fourth largest lake of the five Great Lakes, and the thirteenth largest globally. It is the southernmost, shallowest, and smallest by volume of the Great Lakes. Its northern shore is the Canadian province of Ontario, its southern shore is the states of OhioPennsylvania, and New York, and on the western shore there is Michigan. where did Lake Erie get its name? The lake is named after the Erie tribe of Native Americans who lived along its southern shore.

Fun Facts about Lake Erie
1. How deep is Lake Erie: Average depth of 62 ft

2. Does Lake Erie freeze over in winter: Being the shallowest of the Great Lakes, it is the most likely to freeze and frequently does. On February 16, 2010, meteorologists reported that the lake had frozen over marking the first time the lake had completely frozen over since the winter of 1995-1996

3. How many miles around is Lake Erie: 850 mi

4. How many islands are on Lake Erie:Ballast Island, Big Chicken Island, Chick Island, East Sister Island, Gibraltar Island, Green Island, Gull Island, Hen Island, Johnson’s Island, Kelleys Island, Little Chicken Island, Lost Ballast Island, Middle Island, Middle Bass Island, Middle Sister Island, Mohawk Island, Mouse Island, North Bass Island, North Harbour Island, Pelee Island, Rattlesnake Island, South Bass Island, Starve Island, Sugar Island, Turtle Island, and West Sister Island among others

5. How much water is in Lake Erie: 116 cu mi

6. What is the deepest point in Lake Erie: 210 ft

7. How big is Lake Erie: 9,940 sq mi

8. Where is lake Erie: North America

Lake Ontario

Lake Ontario is one of the five Great. The lakes northern shore consists of the Canadian province of Ontario and the southern shore is Ontario’s Niagara Peninsula and the state of New York. Quick fact about Lake Ontario is that it is the only Great Lake that does not have one of its shores in Michigan.

Fun Facts about Lake Ontario

1. How deep is Lake Ontario: Its average depth is 283 Feet

2. Does Lake Ontario freeze over in winter: Because of its great depth, the entire lake rarely freezes in winter. During the winter months, the lake typically develops an ice sheet covering between 10% and 90% of the lake area depending on the severity of the winter.

3. How many miles around is Lake Ontario: 712 mi

4. How much water is in Lake Ontario: 393 cu mi

5. What is the deepest point in Lake Ontario: 802 feet

6. How big is Lake Ontario: It has a surface area of 7,540 sq mi

7. Where is Lake Ontario: North America