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The Nile River Facts For Kids


The Nile River is one of the largest rivers in the world and one of the only that flows south to north. The northern section of the river flows almost entirely through desert, from Sudan into Egypt, a country whose civilization has depended on the river since ancient times for farming and agriculture to support their people. The word “Nile” comes from Greek Neilos. In the ancient Egyptian language, the Nile is called Ḥ’pī or iteru, meaning “great river”, which was found written in the hieroglyphs that were been discovered in egypt. There are many questions and facts about The Nile River, and we have answered a few of the most popular ones below.

Where is the mouth of the Nile River located?
The Nile River ends at the Mediterranean Sea depositing all its water, and species into the sea.

How long is the Nile River?
The Nile River is close to being the longest river in the world ad about 4132 miles long and about 5 miles wide on average.

Why is the Nile River good for farming?
The Nile River helped farming and agriculture in Egypt. It helped by providing silt whenever there was a flood. The Nile River floods between June and October. Crops are usually harvested during the spring. The depth of the flood was 45 feet. After floods, there would be a fertile strip along the Nile river that was 12 miles wide. There, the Egyptians would plant and grow things such as vegetables and fruits.

Where is the Nile River?
The Nile is a major river located in Africa.

Where does the Nile River begin?
The Nile River has two places that contribute to it. The first is called the White Nile and and the other is called the Blue Nile. The Blue Nile is the source for most of the water flow and is why the Nile River sometimes gets called the Blue Nile. The White Nile rises in the Great Lakes region of central Africa, with the most distant source in southern Rwanda, and flows north from there through Tanzania, Lake Victoria, Uganda and southern Sudan, while the Blue Nile starts at Lake Tana in Ethiopia, flowing into Sudan from the southeast. The two rivers meet near the Sudanese capital of Khartoum.

How often does the Nile River flood?
In May the Nile River is as low as it will be all year long. From June to August the river rises rapidly. In the middle of September the river is at its highest. By the time October rolls around, the Nile’s water level begins to decrease. The flood still continues every year, even today. Now we are safer because we have technology for flood warnings, rescue helicopters, and many other devices to help keep you safe. The Ancient Egyptians even held a big festival every year for the Nile River because they thought that the Nile River flooded because Isis, an Egyptian goddess, wept one tear drop.

What countries does the Nile River flow through?
The Nile River flows through 5 counties and 4 cities. The 5 countries are Ethiopia, Sudan, Egypt, Uganda, and Democratic Republic of the Congo. The 4 cities are Jinja, Juba, Khartoum, and Cairo.