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Facts About The Tropic of Cancer for Kids

The Tropic of Cancer, also referred to as the Northern tropic, is the circle of latitude on the Earth that marks the most northerly position at which the Sun may appear directly overhead at its zenith. This event occurs once per year, at the time of the June solstice, when the Northern Hemisphere is tilted toward the Sun to its maximum extent.

  • Its Southern Hemisphere counterpart, marking the most southerly position at which the Sun may appear directly overhead, is the Tropic of Capricorn.
  • These tropics are two of the five major degree measures or major circles of latitude that mark maps of the Earth, besides the Arctic and Antarctic Circles and the Equator.
  • The imaginary line is called the Tropic of Cancer because when the Sun reaches the zenith at this latitude, it is entering the tropical sign of Cancer (summer solstice).
  • However, this is no longer true due to the precession of the equinoxes.
  • According to sidereal astrology, which divides the zodiac into 12 equal parts, the Sun is in Gemini at that time.
  • However, according to tropical astrology, which divides the ecliptic in twelve 30º sectors, starting with the vernal equinox, the Sun is always entering Cancer at this time, as the Earth’s axial tilt is most inclined towards the Sun.
  • The word “tropic” itself comes from the Greek τροπή (tropi), meaning turn, referring to the fact that the Sun appears to “turn back” at the solstices.
  • North of Tropic of Cancer are the subtropics and the North Temperate Zone.
  • The equivalent line of latitude south of the Equator is called the Tropic of Capricorn, and the region between the two, centered on the Equator, is the tropics.
  • Starting at the Prime Meridian and heading eastwards, the Tropic of Cancer passes through: Excluding cooler highland regions in China, the climate at the Tropic of Cancer is generally hot and dry except for easterly coastal areas where orographic rainfall can be very heavy, in some places reaching 4 meters (160 in).
  • The highest mountain on or adjacent to the Tropic of Cancer is Yushan in Taiwan; though it had glaciers descending as low as 9,190 ft during the Last Glacial Maximum, none survive and at present no glaciers exist within 290 mi of the tropic of Cancer; the nearest currently surviving are the Minyong and Baishui in the Himalayas to the north and on Iztaccíhuatl to the south.
  • According to the Fédération Aéronautique Internationale’s rules, for a flight to compete for a round-the-world speed record, it must cover a distance no less than the length of the Tropic of Cancer, as well as cross all of the meridians, and end on the same airfield where it started.
  • To calculate the length of the Tropic: At present the radius of the circle will be 6 378 x cos(23° 26′ 16″) which results in 5 851.77 km Then, = 3.1416 x 2 x 5851.77 which amounts to 36 767.8413 Therefore, assuming the Earth to be a perfect sphere, the length of the circumference at the parallel of the Tropics would be 36 768 km For an ordinary circumnavigation the rules are somewhat relaxed and the distance is set to a rounded value of at least 37,000 kilometers.