The tiger shark is a species of requiem shark and the only extant member of the genus Galeocerdo and is also known as sea tiger, but it should not be confused with another species called leopard shark. It is a large macropredator, capable of attaining a length over 5 m.
It is called “tiger” because of the dark vertical stripes on its body.
Scientific name: Galeocerdo cuvier
Conservation status: It has a status as a “Near Threatened” species on the IUCN Red List as a result of commercial and recreational overfishing.
Length: It reaches a maximum length of 7.5 meters but on average measures between 3 and 4.2 meters long
Where it lives: It’s found in tropical and subtropical waters around the world.
Weight: ranges between 385 and 635 kilograms.
Higher classification: Galeocerdo
Did you know: Tiger sharks feed mainly on bony fish, rays, squid, crustaceans, seals, and dolphins. It also consumes small sharks and the remains of dead whales or can even venture to attack the wounded and immobile cetaceans.
- The tiger shark is a fish that prefers to live alone unless it is in the mating period.
- Both male and female have multiple sexual partners throughout their life, which is about 27 years in the wild.
- These large, blunt-nosed predators have a duly earned reputation as man-eaters. They are second only to great whites in attacking people.
- Tiger sharks migrate to Hawaii each June to prey on Albatross.
- They are heavily harvested for their fins, skin, and flesh, and their livers contain high levels of vitamin A, which is processed into vitamin oil.