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Vanadium (V): Fun Facts and Information About the Element

What is the symbol? V
What is the atomic number? 23
What is the atomic weight? 50.9415
What is the melting point in Celsius? 1890
What is the boiling point in Celsius? 3380
What is the density (g/cm3)? 6.11
What year was it discovered? 1830
Who discovered the element? “Andrés Manuel del Rio
Nils Gabriel Sefstrôm” What group is the element in? 5
What is the electron configuration? [Ar] 3d3 4s2
What is the ionization energy? 6.7462
What element category is it in? Transition Elements

Where is Vanadium Found?

Vanadium is found in about 65 different minerals among which are carnotite, roscoelite, vanadinite, and patronite, important sources of the metal. Vanadium is also found in phosphate rock and certain iron ores, and is present in some crude oils in the form of organic complexes. It is also found in small percentages in meteorites.

Commercial production from petroleum ash holds promise as an important source of the element.

Much of the vanadium metal being produced is now made by calcium reduction of V2O5 in a pressure vessel, an adaption of a process developed by McKechnie and Seybair.

What is Vanadium Used For?

Vanadium is used in producing rust resistant and high speed tool steels. It is an important carbide stabilizer in making steels.

About 80% of the vanadium now produced is used as ferrovanadium or as a steel additive. Vanadium foil is used as a bonding agent in cladding titanium to steel. Vanadium pentoxide is used in ceramics and as a catalyst.

It is also used to produce a superconductive magnet with a field of 175,000 gauss.