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Vitamin K: Fun Facts About Phylloquinone and Menaquinones


What is the recommended dosage of Vitamin K for an adult:
80 mcg

What is the molecular formula:
Vitamin K1 (phylloquinone). Both forms of the vitamin contain a functional naphthoquinone ring and an aliphatic side chain. Phylloquinone has a phytyl side chain. Vitamin K2 (menaquinone). In menaquinone the side chain is composed of a varying number of isoprenoid residues.

What does Vitamin K do in the body:
Essential in the blood clotting process.

What foods contain and are a good source of Vitamin K:
Green leafy vegetables like kale, spinach, broccoli, cauliflower

What does a deficiency in Vitamin K cause:
Bleeding diathesis

What are the symptoms of Vitamin K deficiency:
Gastrointestinal bleeding
Hematuria
Nosebleeds
Eye hemorrhages
Anemia
Gum bleeding
Prolonged clotting times
Hematomas
Hemorrhaging
Ovarian Hemorrhaging
Easy bruising
Purpura
Osteopenia
Osteoporosis
Fractures
Hypercalciuria
Liver Cancer
Calcification of soft tissue, especially heart valves

Birth defects linked directly to vitamin K deficiencies include:
Underdevelopment of the nose, mouth and mid face
Shortened fingers
Cupped ears
Flat nasal bridges

What happens if you overdose on the vitamin:
Increases coagulation in patients taking warfarin.

Solubility: Fat

What is the scientific name: phylloquinone, menaquinones

When was the vitamin discovered: 1929