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Facts about Warsaw, Poland for Kids


It is located on the Vistula River, roughly 160 mi from the Baltic Sea and 190 mi from the Carpathian Mountains. Its population is estimated at 1,708,491 residents within a greater metropolitan area of 2,666,278 residents, making Warsaw the 9th most populous city proper in the European Union. The area of the city covers 199.6 sq mi, while the city’s agglomeration covers 2,355.39 sq mi.

  • Warsaw is an Alpha- global city, a major international tourist destination and an important economic hub in Central Europe.
  • Most notably, the city had to be painstakingly rebuilt after the extensive damage it suffered from World War 2, during which 90% of its buildings were destroyed.
  • Warsaw is the source for naming entities such as Warsaw Confederation, the Warsaw Pact, the Duchy of Warsaw, the Warsaw Convention, the Treaty of Warsaw, the Warsaw Uprising, the Warsaw Ghetto, and the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising.
  • Warsaw’s name in the Polish language, Warszawa, means “belonging to Warsz”, Warsz being a shortened form of the masculine name of Slavic origin Warcisław; see also etymology of Wrocław.
  • According to legend, Sawa was a mermaid living in the Vistula River who Wars fell in love with.
  • Due to its central location between the Commonwealth’s capitals of Kraków and Vilnius, Warsaw became the capital of the Commonwealth, and of the Polish Crown, in 1596, when King Sigismund III Vasa moved the court from Kraków to Warsaw.
  • Several private independent districts were established, the property of aristocrats and the gentry, which were ruled by their own laws.
  • Stanisław August Poniatowski, who remodelled the interior of the Royal Castle in Warsaw, also made Warsaw a centre of culture and the arts.
  • Following the Congress of Vienna of 1815, Warsaw became the centre of the Congress Poland, a constitutional monarchy under a personal union with Imperial Russia.
  • During World War 2, central Poland, including Warsaw, came under the rule of the General Government, a German Nazi colonial administration.
  • Thus, on 1 August 1944, as the Red Army was nearing the city, the Warsaw Uprising began.
  • With the entry of Poland into the European Union in 2004, Warsaw is currently experiencing the biggest economic boom of its history.
  • The oldest ones, once parts of representative palaces, are Saxon Garden, the Krasiński Palace Garden, the Royal Baths Park, the Wilanów Palace Park and the Królikarnia Palace Park.
  • With its benches, flower carpets, a pond with ducks on and a playground for kids, the Krasiński Palace Garden is a popular strolling destination for the Varsovians.
  • The municipal government existed in Warsaw until World War II and was restored in 1990.